Bill Henson
Recent Work
11 April to 4 May, 1996

Robert Mapplethorpe
Polaroids from the 1970s
Right From The Start)
8 May to 1 June 1996

Roslyn Oxley9 Gallery, Sydney

Christopher Chapman

Robert Mapplethorpe

Bill Henson

Bill Henson, Untitled, type C photographs, adhesive tape, pins glassine, 120.0x90.3 cm,1995-96

Spilling from a large manila envelope onto the table in the gallery office, Robert Mapplethorpe's modest black and white polaroid photographs appeared like someone's snapshots: images of friends, lovers and details from life captured with intimacy and even a certain innocence. And while I didn't see the photographs framed and displayed on the wall (alongside later, larger images), viewing them so intimately allowed the opportunity to contrast them with Bill Henson's monumental montages, theatrically installed in the main gallery.

The work of these two photographers seems to have almost nothing in common except that they both, sometimes, produce images of the human body and most of the time it's naked. Henson's works from 1995-96 are brooding, cinematic in scale and affect, at times erotic in a voluptuous way, self- consciously evocative and alluring, luxurious when viewed at close range and somehow harder and more brittle when viewed from a distance. Mapplethorpe's black and white polaroids from 1973-74, on the other hand, are intimate in their delicacy and tonality, candid and cheeky in their scale and affect, drawing the viewer into the crisp and spontaneous instants of frisson.

Robert Mapplethorpe

Robert Mapplethorpe, Self Portrait, unique black & white polaroid, 10.8x9.0 cm, 1973

Henson's work has always had a sultry feel. Even the "crowd" images from 1979 are softly toned, composed as though Henson's camera is moving across a sea of faces and bodies, telephoto lens fixed, so that each shot appears to bear the trace and slight blur of movement at extreme close range. His untitled (and often reproduced) series from 1977 depicts a slim naked adolescent boy standing or reclined, looking asleep or dead. Here Henson presents a body that is as tangible as the softness of this boy's skin, and as ephemeral as his shadowy surrounds. The softness of Henson's photos seems to allow the intense sexual nature of his subjects rather than create it. The realness of a naked pubescent girl with the mere suggestion of pubic hair, or an adolescent boy in shadowy contraposto with large hands and tumescent penis, is constantly tugged away from us into the realm of memory or imagination. In the 1995-96 works, apparently explicit sexual images generate abstract relationships in the dreamscape that Henson creates. The image of a couple fucking almost doesn't even register on the brain. The naked torso of a girl adjacent to the open legs of a naked boy refuses to coalesce into a "complete" image; the boy's torso is almost like the girl's memory image, or her body a fantasy image of his. Henson's pictures seem mostly either pre-coital or post-coital. The calmness that pervades them is not so much foreboding as lingering, and perhaps that's where the seduction lies.

Mapplethorpe's polaroids are seductive too. One image of crumpled white bedsheets approaches the sublime in its simplicity, others seduce the viewer with an effortless caprice. But these works from the early seventies also convey a certain crispness that would develop into what Thomas Sokolowski refers to in his catalogue essay as "glacial synopsis". The poloroids clearly prefigure his later work, where the image gains a sexual power precisely through the complex levels of detachment which characterise the artist's portraits (of faces, bodies and genitals), still lifes, and his disciplined composition.1

A self portrait of the artist at age twenty-seven stretched out in the bathtub is at first glance somehow "wholesome", but Mapplethorpe's blank stare just away from the camera is unsettling. In an untitled photo a young blond guy sits on a bed wearing only a pair of jeans which are pulled down to his thighs. His legs are raised to show his almost-erect penis flopping perpendicular to his testicles. This looks candid - he's on the phone, he's wearing no jocks, a gold or silver chain is askew across his chest, he's looking at Mapplethorpe's camera - and it is sexy because of this candour. But this image also has the formal traits of a classic Mapplethorpe shot: the man's genitals are framed by the edges of his belted denims and the bedspread on which he sits; his foreshortened body is almost exactly centrally placed within the image. What is most striking about these images for me is that their immediacy (a function of the polaroid process itself) communicates a powerful sense of urgency. The imperfections and chemical traces that appear in some of the polaroids would disappear altogether from the artist's last silver gelatin and platinum-on-linen photographs. But with these polaroids it looks like all he wanted to do was to take the picture. That urgency, now, is touching.

Bill Henson

Bill Henson, Untitled, type C photographs, adhesive tape, pins glassine, 255.4x193.0 cm,1995-96

If Henson's photographs (actually they are more than photographs, they are monumental works) always operate on the terms of distance, Mapplethorpe's polaroids are about closeness and intimacy. Even Henson's crowd photos, or the images of a young boy, or the smeared adolescent bodies juxtaposed with baroque interiors, or the images of suburban tiled roofs, or the New York series of hookers and paramedics, all seem slightly remote. Too vivid, remote as the news, these images are larger than real scale (or simply real scale), but fictional because they are big, intense in colour, more like giant movie stills.

Mapplethorpe, in contrast, in these early polaroids, insinuates "photography" as a mechanism of intimacy. Even though they are black and white, their resonance is like a strong memory image. Close and true, proferring memories of sensations that many of us can easily recall: the feel of clean white sheets against the skin, the feel of a cheek against a man's furry belly, the strange and erotic sensation of an erect penis - the feel of both the soft and tender outer dermis and the internally hard blood-filled cavities of a rigid dick, like the tense musculature of a forearm.

This is what makes Mapplethorpe's early work so interesting. It is here that we might discover the meaning of his work in relation to the man himself. Where the later, more "famous" pictures are icy and worldly, the early polaroids betray Mapplethorpe's stature as a celebrity and a socialite artist. In a way they are like Andy Warhol's first works, tentative, somehow more honest than the outpouring of big museum pictures, or society portraits which, frankly, are produced as signs of the wealth and ego of the commisioner.

Robert Mapplethorpe

Robert Mapplethorpe, Untitled, unique black & white polaroid,10.8x9.0 cm, 1973

The "beauty" in these polaroids by Mapplethorpe is in their innocence; created before the hype, made when Robert's love (or desire, which will suffice) for his subjects was perhaps at its most pure. Some of them remind me of certain works by Felix Gonzalez-Torres, but only because they speak about the humanity of love and, of course, sex. What is beautiful and moving is always that which is fleeting: a particularly cute and disarming pose or gesture, an expression of sly capriciousness, or else something warmer like an exhalation of breath in a state of half sleep. The intimacy of Mapplethorpe's polaroids suggests, for instance, the beauty of long eyelashes on a young man - a beauty that is acknowledged only by a few - and that forms a kind of momentary flash of love.

Despite the differences in style, Hensen and Mapplethorpe both express the essentially temporal quality of "beauty". They frame the beautiful as that event which is always too early or too late; speeding us up or slowing us down for a moment that is too intangible to grasp. Mixing the rhythms of timid anticipation and languid reminiscence in their distinctive ways, Hensen and Mapplethorpe give the sexualised body a truely seductive duration, spreading the spectacle out through its foreplay and afterglow.

1. That the polaroids contain the genesis of Mapplethorpe's later work is curator Thomas Sokolowski's very point. See his essay in the catalogue Right From The Start: The Early Polaroids of Robert Mapplethorpe, Roslyn Oxley9 Gallery, Sydney, 1996.

Thanks to Stephen O'Connell for his suggestions and additions to this piece of writing.

Christopher Chapman